The low elevation also results in increased atmospheric pressure which means the area has slightly higher oxygen levels and weaker ultraviolet radiation (UV rays), which both contribute towards the Dead Sea's health benefits.
The Dead Sea is also an important area in terms of religious history. Both the Bible and the Quran reference the Dead Sea, and it is believed that the city of Sodom once stood on the shores. Bethany, the baptismal site of Jesus, lies to the north of the sea on the banks of the River Jordan. Mount Nebo stands to the west, and it is believed that this was where Moses was shown the Promised Land. A little further west is the town of Madaba, which is home to a historical mosaic that was created in AD 560 and depicts the key areas of Middle East.