Madagascar is a large island off the east coast of Africa. Hugely diverse in terrain and biodiversity, Madagascar is unique. The center is characterized by highlands, the east coast is covered in rainforest, the west is open savannah and the southern tip is semi-desert. With many endemic species, Madagascar is a fascinating place, very different to its African continent.
One of the world’s last undiscovered corners, Madagascar, with unique flora and fauna and hugely diverse terrain, is like nowhere else on earth. Situated in the Indian Ocean off the coast of southern Africa, Madagascar is the world's fourth-largest island. Having broken free of the African mainland around 88 million years ago, it is understandably culturally and geographically very different, having evolved independently. Madagascar is split into four main areas: the central region of Madagascar is characterized by highlands, the east coast is largely covered by dense rainforests, the west coast is now open savannah, reminiscent of that of the great plains of East Africa, and the southern tip of the island is semi-desert with great forests of cactus-like plants. Much of Madagascar's incredible flora and fauna is unique to the island, with many endemic species such as lemurs, chameleons and a huge variety of butterflies. These species mean that several of Madagascar's national parks are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The diverse cultures in Madagascar and the range of flora and fauna make a visit to this island a unique experience.