The museum boasts over 5,000 items across 14 themed galleries. Covering a range of topics, the galleries include; the Maritime History Hall, Hall of Oman and the Outside World, Hall of Greatness of Islam and Earth and Man Hall. There is a fifteenth gallery dedicated to temporary exhibitions.
The focus is on quality rather than quantity, however there is plenty to explore, including 43 digital immersive experiences. The museum also has a fully equipped learning center and it has the region's first open storage concept, where visitors can learn about the process of preparing artifacts for display.