Afrosiab & Ulugbek Observatory
Visit the Afrosiab Archaeological Site, once the heart of ancient Samarkand until it was taken over by the Mongols in the early 13th century. Lose yourself in its museum, entirely dedicated to the history of the city with treasured artifacts such as ancient swords, coins, potteries and frescoes of Samarkand palace. Head to Ulugbek Observatory, a testament to the astronomical achievement of medieval Uzbekistan. Constructed in 1428, the exactness of night sky observations of Samarkand astronomers to coordinate 1,018 stars is astounding as they were concluded without the help of optical instruments.