Tunis, Tunisia

The original Carthage was destroyed by the Romans in 146BC, and what you see now is mostly the Roman remains, located on several different sites. Highlights include the baths, Punic houses, port and museum.

Carthage, founded by the Phoenicians in 814 BC. The earliest settlements of Punic Carthage can still be seen on Byrsa Hill, just below the renowned Carthage National Museum. Although destroyed by the Romans in 146BC (in revenge for Hannibal’s campaign in mainland Europe), they later rebuilt the city. Recent excavations have revealed the foundations of five-storey Punic houses, each with its own cistern and drainage system. The most remarkable early remains are the two basins of the Punic Ports, an evidence of the Carthaginian mastery of the seas, which fascinated and frustrated the Romans. Another important site of pre-Roman Carthage is the Tophet, a burial ground and a sanctuary dedicated to Punic deities Tanit and Baal.

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