Cuzco Sacred Valley and Machu PicchuVisiting Peru’s Inca heartland is a must on any Peru itinerary. Here you can discover the captivating colonial town of Cuzco, the ancient capital of the Inca Empire, and one of the most interesting and beautiful cities in Peru, with a deep-rooted Indian culture. The town is a great base for visiting the breathtaking Machu Picchu ruins and the Sacred Valley. You can also explore the nearby archaeological remains of Sacsayhuaman and Ollantaytambo and the picturesque market towns of Pisaq, Calca and Yucay, which still preserve many ancient traditions and ways of life. The awe-inspiring ‘lost city’ of Machu Picchu is set on a high mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley and is the most iconic symbol of the Inca Empire. The site can be reached by train, or for the more adventurous, the Inca Trail trek.